Flat-Weave - perfect for
Rugs, furniture and much more

Flat woven carpet beige
Chair with flat fabric

What is flat-weave?

Flat-weave refers to all fabrics that do not have pile — loose fibres. This means the materials are flat and smooth with a two-dimensional appearance. These materials can also have an even to structured surface. Special yarns or twines used are often used to create special effects. These materials are also often given unusual eye-catching detail with patterns and various prints.

Flat-weave fabrics are extremely varied and very popular choices for the home and living area. The fabrics are versatile and hard-wearing, so they can be used for the manufacture of rugs, sofas, cushions and chairs. Various different materials are used in the production of flat-weave fabrics. The quality ranges from cheap polyester to cotton and up to silk or fine linen.

Flat woven fabrics for furniture

Flat-weave fabric — manufacturing process

There are various manufacturing processes for flat-weave fabric. The simplest are the basic weaves: plain weave, twill weave and satin weave.

The plain weave is the simplest basic weave type. This type of weave is also known as the linen and taffeta weave. Linen weave is mainly used in the manufacture of woollen fabrics. The taffeta weave is mostly used with filament yarns. Materials made with the plain weave have an extremely narrow crossing of weft and warp yarns. Here the warp yarns are placed above and below the weft yarn alternately.

Twill weaves can be identified by their skewed ridge. The most well-known weave here is that used in denim. There are two types of weave here, the S-ridge twill, which goes from upper left to lower right, and the Z-ridge twill, which goes from lower left to top right. Furthermore, in the type of weave you can distinguish between the warp twill and the weft twill, depending on whether the warp or weft yarns are dominant at the top. For example, popular denim is a weft twill: the warp is blue, the weft is white. Twill fabric can be characterised by equal and unequal variants. Identical weave means that the weave looks the same on both sides; technically speaking it looks the same on the upper and underside of the fabric.

In the next basic weave, the satin weave , the weft goes below a warp yarn, then over more than two warp yarns and so on. The next weft thread displaces this procedure by at least two warp threads. A fabric is created in this way with the parallel weft yarns are by far the dominant ones, giving the material a sheen when the light hits it. The fabric is two-sided, on the rear the warp yarns are dominant.
Denim fabric

Importance within the textile industry

Depending on the industry, the term flat-weave is not used uniformly and can refer to different stylings. Thus, in dobby weaving, flat-weave is used, for example, for the type of materials used that are produced on a flat loom — a type of weaving machine. The flat looms described have a special feature. On these looms it is the warp that is stretched horizontally.

By contrast, differences can be seen in the rug industry. In the rug industry, flat-weave is used to describe a special feature of the rugs. This is also the case for inkle weaving, which also uses the term flat-weave. In both cases these are "fabrics" that do not belong to the do not belong to tubular weavings. This styling allows rug manufacturers to produce many different designs, from the very modern to traditional.

Flat-weave rugs date back to the Nomads. The styling of these rugs is based on the requirement that they are light. At that time, it was vital for everyday use since Nomads were often on the move. Every ounce that could be saved was a blessing then.

Loom flat weave

Popular flat-weave rugs: Nimbaft, Soumak and Kilim

The most well-known oriental rugs with a flat-weave are Nimbaft rugs, amongst others. And the first of its kind here is unusual because it is only half knotted. This means that these rugs have a slight pile.

Soumak rugs are made using a kind of winding technique. With this weave or winding technique the protruding weft ends are not fed back and hand loose and free on the rear of the rug. This makes the Soumak rug unique. For the reasons stated, this type of rug can only be used on one side. In addition to the Soumak, other oriental rugs exist such as Sileh, Dhurrie and Shaddah.

The best known flat-weave rug is the Kelim These oriental beauties feature a unique colourful pattern. It is hard to imagine that for each colour area this rug is woven with just one thread. The well-known ridges on Kilim rugs are generated when two threads collide, and this makes it easy to distinguish it from other flat-weave rugs.

Flat weave carpet manufacture

Flat-weave rugs are very hard-wearing

Rugs made of flat woven fabrics are perfect for a balcony or terrace, and are also referred to as an outdoor rug. Of course, the models in our range of rugs feature a few special properties that qualify them for outdoor use.

To give you full flexibility on whether you want to use it on your balcony, terraces, winter garden or kitchen, living room or corridor, the flat-weave rugs are available in a host of colours and sizes. Furthermore, all rugs are suitable for floors with underfloor heating systems and can therefore also be used inside.

Choice of flat-weave rugs

  • Carpet Modern Sisal Look Designer Carpet Grey Tones
    Carpet Modern Sisal Look Designer Carpet Grey Tones
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  • Indoor & Outdoor Rug Terracotta Colour Gradient
    Indoor & Outdoor Rug Terracotta Colour Gradient
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  • Woven Rug, Kilim, Patterned Green
    Woven Rug, Kilim, Patterned Green
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  • Designer Rug Oriental Pastel Tones Pink
    Designer Rug Oriental Pastel Tones Pink
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