There are various manufacturing processes for flat-weave fabric. The simplest are the basic weaves: plain weave, twill weave and satin weave.
is the simplest basic weave type. This type of weave is also known as the linen and taffeta weave. Linen weave is mainly used in the manufacture of woollen fabrics. The taffeta weave is mostly used with filament yarns. Materials made with the plain weave have an extremely narrow crossing of weft and warp yarns. Here the warp yarns are placed above and below the weft yarn alternately.
can be identified by their skewed ridge. The most well-known weave here is that used in denim. There are two types of weave here, the S-ridge twill, which goes from upper left to lower right, and the Z-ridge twill, which goes from lower left to top right. Furthermore, in the type of weave you can distinguish between the warp twill and the weft twill, depending on whether the warp or weft yarns are dominant at the top. For example, popular denim is a weft twill: the warp is blue, the weft is white. Twill fabric can be characterised by equal and unequal variants. Identical weave means that the weave looks the same on both sides; technically speaking it looks the same on the upper and underside of the fabric.
In the next basic weave, the
, the weft goes below a warp yarn, then over more than two warp yarns and so on. The next weft thread displaces this procedure by at least two warp threads. A fabric is created in this way with the parallel weft yarns are by far the dominant ones, giving the material a sheen when the light hits it. The fabric is two-sided, on the rear the warp yarns are dominant.