Velours bedeutet übersetzt “samtartiges Gewebe”. The loops created during tufting are cut in the machine. „to cut“ - schneiden). The cut refers to the velour tufts of standard spun or filament yarn of medium-length pile that open up in a similar way to a shaving brush and form a velour-like surface.
Special note: Shading
The sumptuously soft surface and rich shading effect of velour rugs makes them very popular. In rare cases, permanent shading effects may occur during use: Regardless of walkways or particularly heavy traffic areas, water-like contours develop on the floor. These swirly changes cannot be removed through brushing or by using water. On velour rugs, shading can occur regardless of the material used and can occur on both natural and synthetic fibres. The production method is also not a deciding factor here. Shading effects occur both in machine-made and hand-knotted rugs. It is purely a visual phenomenon that does not affect the suitability for use and cannot be influenced by the manufacturer and/or fitter.
With twisted or frieze velour, the yarn is twisted very tightly and then set. This surface is extremely practical for everyday use and is particularly resistant to foot marks and walkway formations.
The technical term for a soft deep-pile rug is Saxony. It has a pile length of approx. 9 mm and consists of heatset thread or yarn (finishing processes, the product undergoes a heat treatment and shrinks). The additional twisting rotation results in a hard closed yarn seal, which offers better resistance to compression caused by treading and static loads (e.g. chair legs) than individual yarn fibres of standard velour — a grainy surface look is typical here.
Loop rugs are made of consecutive small loops of equal length. The special manufacturing process makes the floor coverings of looped products extremely robust and durable. Unlike velour, loops are springy by nature: They are pressed together under load, and then bounce back.
Unlike standard looped products, the structured loop pile rug consists of yarn loops of varying lengths. This creates a charming structured effect.
The multi-level structure creates a very popular surface pattern. A 3D effect stands out particularly well here.