The popular fruit of the coconut tree is not the only thing that the palm has to offer. The popular coco fibres are derived from the shell of the unripe fruit and processed further into coir yarn. Originally, the yarn made from coconut fibre was turned into rope or mats. The manufacture of rugs is not too dissimilar here. The very hardy material is perfect for use as a floor covering. Since coconut trees are very sensitive to frost, they mainly grow in tropical and subtropical countries. The pioneers here are India, the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South America and parts of Africa.
Hessian comes from the jute plant, a type of shrub. Jute is an annual plant that can grow up to 3 meters high. The plant originates from the Mediterranean and, from there, was introduced to Asia, India and Pakistan. For jute to grow and flourish it requires a humid, tropical climate all year round. It is important to know that the fruits of the jute are highly toxic. After the harvest, the stalks of the plant are broken, cleaned and then spun into yarns to produce Hessian. Hessian itself has a very high tensile strength and in addition to its use in rugs it is also used as carrier material, as filling warp and backing material for lino.
Sisal is extracted from agave and, like many other natural fibres, it is spun to a yarn. The fibre is extremely abrasion-resistant and is often used for flat-weave rugs and floor mats. The high water absorption capacity of Sisal means that Sisal rugs are perfect for kitchens, entrance areas and terraces or balconies.
Cotton is a much-loved product for woven rugs. The reason for this is the exceptional tensile strength of the natural fibre. This fibre is derived from the "seed head" of a cotton plant. After the cotton harvest, this is pressed and processed further in spinning mills.
In botanical terms, cork is described as a layer (cell layer) between tree and bark — also known as the phellem layer. Cork, as we know it, is made from a special oak, the cork oak. And although cork also comes from the Asian Amur cork tree, Portugal is the largest producer of cork. Cork as flooring offers advantages such as a high level elasticity that is created from the cells that have died back. In addition, in terms of sustainability cork is a true natural. Extremely durable since the material is abrasion-resistant and therefore extremely hard-wearing. In addition, cork is a true natural in terms of sustainability. This starts as early as the extraction of the material because the cork tree is not felled but peeled, and cork is biodegradable.